Singapore is a global hub port, with connections to 600 ports in over 120 countries. The Port of Singapore, which refers to the collective facilities that conduct maritime trade handling functions in harbours, includes several terminals that are managed by two commercial port operators — PSA Singapore Terminals and Jurong Port Pte Ltd. PSA Singapore Terminals conducts the majority of container handling in Singapore while Jurong Port has multi-purpose capabilities and handles main bulk and conventional cargo such as steel products and cement.
As one of the world’s most bustling ports, 500 million tonnes of cargo are handled by the Port of Singapore every year through the loading and unloading of 32.6 million containers. Put end-to-end, the containers measure 198,730km — a distance that can encircle the world 5 times. .At any one time, the Port of Singapore attends to 1000 vessels, with one entering or leaving the port every few minutes.
With the cargo handling volume growing exponentially worldwide, shipping lines have been substantially increasing the size of their ships, doubling in size every eight years over the last two and a half decades. Through meticulous planning and constant upgrading of infrastructure, Singapore has become one of the few ports in the world that is able to handle mega ships. Yet, the challenge to ramp up capacity through even larger cranes, deeper berths and longer quay lengths remains as ship sizes and volumes continue to grow.